Causes and treatment of nervous tic
With such a notion as a nervous tic, each of us must have encountered at least once. But in fact, this symptom may be more complex and dangerous than it might seem at first glance.
What it is?
Nervous tic called a fairly rapid muscle contraction. And they can be both involuntary, that is, not dependent on the person himself, or stereotyped - to recall ordinary ones, but monotonous and multiple. Such a symptom, if you believe the statistics, at least once occurred in each person. But in most cases it does not cause severe discomfort and passes on its own and without intervention.
Nervous tic can occur in both an adult and a child. Moreover, in children it is the most common neurological disorder, which is diagnosed in about 10-11% of girls and 12-13% of boys.
Why there is a nervous tic?
The causes of such a symptom as a nervous tic can be divided into several groups:
- Primary, that is, directly affecting the work of the nervous system.These include severe stress, emotional or psychological upheavals and injuries, chronic fatigue, exhaustion of the nervous system, increased anxiety, fears or phobias, obsessive ideas, and so on. In children, nervous tics can be provoked by attention-deficit hyperactivity syndrome (abbreviated as ADHD), a feeling of loneliness or insecurity, inflated demands from the father or mother, lack of parental attention, affection, caring, manifestations of love.
- Secondary or symptomatic causes. In this case, a nervous tic is a symptom of some problems or disruptions affecting the work of the nervous system or the brain. So, this symptom can be caused by traumatic brain injuries, infectious diseases affecting the brain or the central nervous system (these include encephalitis, meningitis), brain neoplasms, some vascular diseases (atherosclerosis), strokes, neuralgia, poisoning by poison or carbon monoxide, taking certain medications, mental disorders (for example, schizophrenia or autism), as well as other diseases of other systems and organs accompanied by intoxication (hepatic or renal oh insufficiency, diabetes).
- Inherited causes are due to genetic disorders. So, the most basic and most common is Tourette syndrome, which is transmitted from generation to generation. But the launch mechanism is still unclear, and unfavorable factors include such as beriberi, unfavorable environmental conditions, frequent stresses, infections of a bacterial nature, some autoimmune conditions, and others.
How do nervous tics appear?
Symptoms of nervous tics can be very different, and they can all be divided into three main groups:
- Facial expressions affect the face and manifest as twitching of the eye, eyebrow, lip, or other areas.
- Tiki of limbs affect precisely the limbs, both upper and lower, that is, both arms and legs. Symptoms such as twitching of the fingers, involuntary bending of the limbs in the joints, sticking or even jumping may occur.
- Vocal tics affect the vocal cords and can manifest as cries (both incoherent and in the form of shouting words, albeit sometimes rash), various sounds, such as loud sighs, coughing, poking and others.
Depending on the prevalence, local and generalized nervous tics are isolated. The former can affect only a specific muscle or a part of it, but sometimes a whole small group is involved. Generalized tics may involve fairly large areas in the process, and sometimes cover almost the entire body. So, everything can start with a twitching of the face, then go to the neck, then touch the shoulders, arms, torso and legs.
Also, tics in medicine are divided into simple and complex. The first are much more common and manifest themselves in the form of the same type and simplest movements. But complex deserve special attention, because they can manifest themselves in the form of complex manipulations involving the involvement of different muscle groups. For example, a patient can perform some kind of action and accompany him with a voice.
In order to recognize a nervous tic in time, find out its causes and begin treatment, you should contact a specialist. But which doctor deals with such problems? The first visit should be given to the neurologist. He will assess the patient’s condition and, if necessary, refer him to another specialist, for example, to a psychotherapist, an endocrinologist, an infectious diseases specialist or someone else.
A variety of diagnostic procedures can be recommended for making an accurate diagnosis and finding out the causes of tics: MRI of the brain or other parts of the body, urinalysis and blood tests, electroencephalography, Doppler sonography (x-ray examination), X-ray, ultrasound and others.
Features of problem solving
How to get rid of nervous tics? Treatment should be aimed, first of all, at eliminating the root cause of such an unpleasant symptom.
To normalize the work of the nervous system and the brain, the doctor may recommend the following measures:
- The stabilization of the emotional state is to provide the most relaxed atmosphere, as well as full support. The next of kin of the patient must be involved in this process, because often mood, feelings and emotions depend on them. A person should be surrounded by attention, care, affection and love, so that he understands that he is complete, not alone and necessary. It is extremely important to protect the patient from stress, shocks, excessive loads and other adverse effects.
- Drug therapy may include a variety of drugs.So, many patients are assigned sedatives, that is, sedatives. To eliminate the main symptoms, a specialist may recommend taking antipsychotics. And in severe and complex mental states, it is advisable to use antidepressants, but only under the strict and constant supervision of a physician.
- Some folk remedies can help, such as decoctions and infusions of valerian, motherwort and other plants with mild sedative properties.
- To eliminate nervous tics, sometimes you just need to get distracted, for example, get a job, make new acquaintances, find some interesting and fascinating activity, go on a trip, start learning.
- The daily regimen is also important; it will help to put in order the work of important body systems. It is necessary to adhere to a certain schedule: to lie down, get up and eat food at about the same time, it is rational to dose wakefulness and sleep. Useful and increased physical activity.
- It is necessary to adjust the nutrition, because the work of the nervous system and the brain is partly influenced by some of the components that we get from food.It is especially important to use such products as sea fish, dairy and dairy products, beans, greens, vegetables, fruits, berries, nuts, and cereals.
- In some cases, psychotherapy is needed. For several sessions, an experienced specialist will be able to find out the causes of tics and at least partially eliminate them, improve mental state and help the patient to understand himself and find the right way and way to solve his problems.
- You can resort to such procedures as acupuncture therapy, massage, reflexology, stone therapy and others aimed at relaxing and normalizing the work of the nervous system.
A nervous tick can be a dangerous and serious symptom, so ask for help in time and take action.
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