Conditioned reflexes in dogs
Various kinds of conditioned reflexes in dogs, which were discussed earlier, can be produced as a simple stimulus, and the complex. When combined with the unconditional reaction of two, three or more indifferent agents simultaneously, a conditioned reflex is produced. Sequential use of such agents leads to the formation of a conditioned reflex. In the case when only the final link of the signal coincides with the unconditional reaction, they speak of a reflex to the chain of stimuli. In addition to these, they also emit reflexes to the total stimulus, that is, to the simultaneous use of conditioned stimuli.
Conditional reflexes in dogs are also indicated by the effect from which they are manifested. So, for them there are two common names - secretory and motor. The latter include general motor movements - in the form of moving an animal towards a signal or avoiding an adverse factor; local - in the form of food-producing, blinking, shaking, carding, etc .; motor vegetative - in the form of vascular, respiratory, pupillary, cardiac; and, finally, sound alarms - in the form of voice.
The same artificial conditional behavioral acts include complex food-extracting reflexes developed in animals for experimental purposes: often such acts are called conditioned reflex skills.
In the past 50 years, electrographic conditioned reactions have begun to be studied, which are changes in the electrical activity of the brain, muscles, heart, and skin caused by conventional signals. The complex conditioned reflexes include reflexes on the situation, sometimes called situational (if the animal enters the environment in which it received food or pain and reflects food or defensive reactions). The decorative reflex is characterized by a dominant state (according to A. Ukhtomsky).
Thus, a brief listing of known (according to research) types of conditioned reflexes is far from exhausting the diversity of the types of behavior that animals acquire in their individual lives. Even more limited is our knowledge of the genetic basis of nervous activity — unconditioned reflexes and their numerous combinations with elements of the conditioned reflex.
The creation of a complete scientific classification of the neurophysiology of canine behavior is possible under the condition of in-depth genomics research.
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