How to make a rabbit skin?
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Many amateur fur mammals and breeders are puzzled, how to make a rabbit skin? Sometimes after slaughter of a rabbit, muskrat or nutria, when stretching the skin on a special rule, procuses or cuts are found. As a rule, such products go into marriage. At best, it can get an extremely low rating from manufacturers. Sometimes it becomes necessary to do any thing for yourself, but there is simply no place to pass raw materials for dressing. Then the procedure for the manufacture of skins have to perform independently at home. This process is not so complicated. It is enough to apply a little work and patience, to be careful, and success will be ensured.
In the process of making skins raw material should be elastic and soft. The easiest procedure to achieve this goal is pulling. But you should also pay attention to the fact that, despite its simplicity, this is the most time-consuming process. The skins, dried in the fresh-dry way, are sprinkled with milk, thusas when ironing moistened linen. Then they pull at each square centimeter with her hands, as if you are removing dried dirt from clothes. At the same time, you should remove the film from the skin. Dressing rabbit hides in this way implies a low quality of dressing.
In the chemical method of dressing, they act on the raw materials with the help of various reagents. Moreover, it should be noted that the pair of skins should be started immediately after removal. In the case when this process needs to be postponed indefinitely, the skin should be preserved in a salty-dry manner. This process is as follows:
- Table salt should rub the core, then stretch the skin on the rule and dry in the shade. Salt can be shaken off on the second day of drying. In winter, the salted skin dries badly. At this time of year, it is worth freezing.
- The dressing should begin with a wash, and the skin in the water should float completely free. A layer of liquid of 4-6 cm is needed above it. The volume of water used by you for the cleaning should be measured, since exactly the same will be required for future tanning and pickling processes.amount of solution.
The skin contains a large number of bacteria that multiply very quickly in solution. In order to suppress their activity, antiseptics must be added to the solution. To do this, add 45-50 grams of salt per 1 liter of water, as well as 0.5 - 1 ml of formalin or 1-2 tablets of tetracycline (sulfidine). You can also add to 10 liters of water 0.5 liters of decoction of oak, birch, eucalyptus or willow leaves. As a rule, already in 12 hours the skin is soaked and becomes like a steam room. In case this does not happen, it is necessary to prepare a new solution and put it there again.
Stage - filing
This is the next step in the skinning process. Dressing rabbit skins is quite a laborious task, requiring fairly careful handling of the skins. Now it is necessary to begin to scrape the skin, put on the deck, with the back side of the hacksaw blade, a blunt knife or a steel brush. Thus, the remnants of fat, meat will be removed from the raw materials, as well as the films will be removed. The direction of the movements of the scraper should be carried out from tail to head, while at the same time the inclinations of the side parts of the movement are carried out from ridge to the stomach. Then you need to degrease the skin.
This stage is extremely important, since fat residues significantly complicate the processing, and further worsen the presentation of the skins. It is necessary to thoroughly rub the skin with a dry tire, sawdust or bran of deciduous trees.
If this is not possible, then you can simply wash the skin in a soapy solution. To do this, use toilet soap or shampoo. After washing, gouge with a stick of hair and wipe the core with a dry cloth.
Stage - laying
You already practically know how to process a rabbit skin. Remained the final stage, which is called bedding. Skins prepared as described above must be pressed and folded up into pile in piles, then covered with boards or thick plywood and put the load. The bed lasts about 1-2 days, at this time the skin of the rabbit finally matures. Acid remains on her hair, which prevents subsequent processes. Therefore, this acid must be neutralized with a solution of hyposulfite (10 g per liter) for 25 to 60 minutes.
Then the skin should be hung and thoroughly dried at room temperature.When the skin begins to dry, you must begin to knead it and stretch in several directions. After that, you need to comb the hair, rub the core with dental powder or chalk and treat with sandpaper.
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