Learn all about how and when to plant anemones!
Growing flowers will give a completely different look to your garden plot or flower bed near the house. And the perfect choice for this will be planting anemones. This beautiful perennial herb of the buttercup family is common in temperate zones. There are more than 150 species of this flower, having significant differences in the period and duration of their flowering. In this article we will consider in more detail how to plant anemones and take care of them.
Types of anemone
This plant differs flowering period: spring and summer-autumn. The first ones are distinguished by soft tones of flowers (cream, pastel, blue) and a short term of above-ground flowering.
The summer-autumn anemones in most cases have a well-developed root system and are large in size. The flowering period begins at the end of summer, ends in October. The most common among this plant species is the anemone crown, hybrid and Japanese.
When to plant anemones?
In planting any plant, the most important place should be given to the preparation of the soil. Therefore, choose a wide stretch of ground hidden from the wind and direct sunlight, clean it of weeds. The root system anemone grows significantly over the season, but very fragile. The best choice would be deciduous soil with the addition of peat or loam. You can add a small amount of sand, wood ash and dolomite flour.
When growing an anemone from seeds, it should be borne in mind that no more than a quarter of the planted flowers germinate. But you can increase the germination by exposure to cold for one or two months. To do this, mix the seeds with peat or coarse sand in a ratio of 1 to 3, moisturize, and daily spray. After the seeds swell, mix the soil with a small amount of the substrate, and leave it in a room where there will be normal air circulation, and the temperature should not exceed 5 ºС. With the advent of the first shoots, bury the container in the ground or snow and sprinkle straw or sawdust on top. With the beginning of spring you need to transplant plants in the box for germination. There is also a simpler way: to plant anemones in the fall in special tanks with the most loose soil and bury them in the ground, covered with branches.
In order to plant anemone tubers, soak them in warm water. The duration of the procedure is no more than two or three hours. After that, place the tubers in a container with a mixture of sand and peat approximately to a depth of 5 cm and water regularly. After germination they will need to be transferred to the ground.
When planting tubers need to correctly determine the direction of growth of the shoot. When pre-soaking on the flat side of the tubers, bulges (buds) appear - they should stick up when planting, but if there are none, then plant them with a sharp end into the ground. Make a hole with a diameter of about 40 cm and a depth of 20 cm. Sprinkle the bottom with humus and ash, put a tuber on top, put earth on top of it and press down a little. After this, moisten the site with plenty of water.
Plant the seedlings (with at least three leaves), obtained from the seeds of anemones, in the second year of growth in a shady area. When planting in autumn, cover the site with foliage or overgrown branches. The plant will be able to bloom only in three years. With a combination of different varieties and methods of planting can be achieved regular flowering area.
Anemones: growing and care
The plant is unpretentious, and the main duty will be to maintain a sufficient level of moisture during the period of growth. In addition to what you need to consider when planting anemones, you need to know and how to care for them. Waterlogging will lead to decay of the root system, and a lack of moisture will lead to poor growth and the absence of buds. Therefore, you should cover the area with peat or thick layers of leaves (it is worth preferring fruit types of trees). In the spring, water the plants once a week, in the hot and dry summer - every day in the morning and after sunset.
Anemone is not susceptible to disease, but can be damaged by the actions of snails and slugs. Collect pests and treat the leaves and flowers with metaldehyde solution. Also, the plant can be affected by a nematode. In this case, destroy diseased plants and replace the soil in which they grew.
Anemones are propagated by seeds, tubers and division of rhizomes. The first two methods have already been described. In the third case (it is done with anemones aged 4-5 years), you need to dig up the rhizomes in the spring, cut into pieces about 5 cm in size, depending on the number of buds.Next, place the pieces of rhizome in a loose soil horizontally to a depth of 5 cm. The plant will bloom in 2-3 years.
Now you know how to plant an anemone and care for it. You have seen that the question of when to plant anemones is not paramount. This perennial plant, subject to the above advice, will bring joy to you and your family, being a source of pride in front of your neighbors. Do not forget to dig up the rhizomes in the fall, cutting the tops, and leave them in a dry basement, sprinkling the container with peat or sand.
A good sleep depends on a good bed
Christina Ricci misses Addams
Donald Trump refused favorite hamburgers
September 1 congratulations for students and teachers. How beautiful to congratulate on September 1 in verse and prose
When will the heating be turned on in Samara in 2015
Building a brick fence