Ramadan 2017 - the beginning and end of the holy fasting month, the schedule in Moscow. The traditions of the Muslim people - what is impossible and what can be done during Ramadan

P2017-001The end of spring and the beginning of summer are of particular importance for people who profess Islam. This period accounts for one of the most important events in the Muslim religion — a stern fast, when believers cultivate willpower in themselves, refusing the bulk of worldly temptations to the glory of Allah. The dates of this important event change every year, and in order to know exactly when it will come, you need to check with the Gregorian calendar. According to him, the beginning of Ramadan 2017 falls on May 25, and the end - on June 24.These dates are relevant not only for purely Muslim countries, but also for states where the followers of Islam are represented only as a community. In Moscow and many other Russian cities, even issued a special timetable, which details the timing and timing of prayers and obligatory prayers. In addition, there is a whole list of rules that tell you what you can eat and what you can not do during the fasting period. This important information can be found in the article below.

Beginning and end of the Muslim holy month of Ramadan in 2017

Ramadan is the ninth month of the Muslim calendar. The date of its beginning and end changes annually according to the Gregorian calendar. The period lasts thirty days and calls on all faithful to demonstrate the power of their spirit and limit themselves to food, drink, sexual contact and entertainment. Throughout the month, Muslims pacify the soul and body, denying themselves all the temptations in the world. In 2017, the lean period will begin on May 25 and end at sunset on June 24. A beautiful final end of Ramadan will be the holiday of breaking off Uraz Bayram, which will come on June 26 and will last for 3 days.

How to conduct Ramadan 2017 - the schedule of mandatory prayers for Moscow

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During the holy month of Ramadan, Muslims give up many basic needs, limit themselves to food and entertainment, and increase the number of daily prayers. Each fasting day begins with Sukhur's pre-dawn breakfast, after which they commit niyat, announcing their intention to fast for the glory of Allah. Next comes the obligatory morning prayer of Fajr, the namaz lunch prayer Zuhr, the afternoon Asr, the obligatory evening prayer of the Maghrib, permitted Iftar dinner, evening prayer Isha, and the morning dawn Tarawih and Vitr, read before the first dawn.

The most important and significant of all the rituals mentioned are Fajr and Maghreb. In Moscow and other cities where there are Muslim communities, they are always carried out according to a certain schedule. In 2017, in the capital, Fajr will begin at 2.07, so that the faithful at the end of the prayer service will have time to have a quick breakfast before the dawn breaks out. The Maghreb will be read from July 21, and when the sun disappears, the faithful will be able to dine and rest before the onset of the next day of body and soul testing.

What not to do, and what can men and girls in the holy month of Ramadan

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During the holy month of Ramadan there are special rules and prohibitions that are binding on every Muslim. The faithful are called upon to concentrate on doing good deeds, to purify thoughts, soul and body from all sinfulness, to limit oneself in eating, smoking, carnal temptations and secular entertainments.

Men and girls during this period are strictly prohibited:

  • Do not say a word about your intention to fast;
  • to eat and drink water in the daytime, namely, between the Fajr morning prayer and the Maghrib evening ritual;
  • smoking and drinking strong and weak alcohol;
  • perform marital duties, engage in intimate relationships, or satisfy one's desires after the sun rises and before sunset;
  • induce vomiting;
  • use rectal or vaginal medications;
  • swallow a partner’s toothpaste, phlegm or saliva at the time of the kiss;
  • slander, slander and discuss other people, and listen to relatives, friends or acquaintances.

During Ramadan, it is not only allowed, but it is recommended to help the poor, the unfortunate and the needy, to engage in charity,care for the elderly and cripples, read religious literature, rethink their attitude to life and open the heart to divine conduct. According to the teachings of the Prophet Mohammed, for all good deeds during Ramadan there will definitely be a reward, since Allah at this time increases the importance of good deeds by 700 times, and Shaitan, chained to the whole post in the chain, is not able to prevent people from showing noble feelings and doing good deeds.

Small children who have not yet reached puberty, as well as adults suffering from severe mental illness, are exempt from fulfilling the harsh demands of Ramadan. Travelers, chronic patients, pregnant women and nursing mothers may refuse to observe fasting. However, this measure will be only temporary, and when the reasons that prevent abstinence disappear, you still have to go through 30 days of restrictions. It is allowed to replace the incurable and decrepit old people who, due to their physical condition, are not able to withstand fasting, with work in shelters and institutions for the poor.

For every lean day, missed for a good reason,the believer is obliged either to pay monetary compensation in the amount of 1 sa grain to someone from the needy members of the Muslim community, or to withstand fasting on any other convenient day. Intimacy during Ramadan is punished by an additional 60-day abstinence, but a meal made out of forgetfulness is forgiven without any additional conditions.

Ramadan - what can you eat before sunrise and after sunset

 

The holy month of Ramadan requires the believers to sternly abstain not only from intimacy and entertainment, but also from food. But this does not mean at all that during the lean period Muslims should starve themselves. Simply limit your daily diet and review meal times.

Sample menu for Ramadan - what is allowed to eat and when

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During the holy month of Ramadan, followers of Islam are recommended to eat only twice a day - in the early morning and in the late evening. A suitable time for breakfast is the period before sunrise, which is called Suhur. Overeat at this point is not necessary. It is advisable to simply consume a small amount of nourishing food that can charge the body with vigor and energy all day long.Preference is given to complex carbohydrates, for example, cereal dishes, vegetable salads and bread products made from germinated grain. Addition will serve any kinds of dried fruits, nuts and bananas.

It is better to refrain from protein foods, as it will put too much strain on the liver and kidneys. For the same reasons, it makes sense to remove fried, smoked and fat dishes, fish and coffee from the morning ration.

The second (evening) meal is called Ifar. It falls at the time immediately after sunset, or rather, at the end of the last day, but the penultimate daily prayer, included in the list of 5 mandatory for each believer. At this time, it is permissible to eat vegetable dishes with the addition of a small amount of lean meat, dates or fruits. You can finish the meal with a glass of water, fresh juice, fruit drink, fruit juice, tea or jelly. It is not recommended to delay Iftar for later hours. This will necessarily affect the state of the body, and not in the best way.


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