What are the dangerous hormonal creams and ointments?
Drugs based on hormones are relatively new and yet not universally known, however, already quite actively used in medical practice. Hormonal creams, in their majority, are made on the basis of corticosteroids, which are used to treat various skin diseases.
Such drugs have a directed action and, in most cases, quickly and effectively cope not only with external causes of skin irritations and rashes, but also eliminate their internal causes.
Sometimes the use of hormonal creams or ointments can do without complicated systemic preparations, but is everything as sweet as it seems at first glance?
There are a lot of contradictory reviews and opinions about such remedies, and even when the patient is prescribed hormones by a specialist, there are often cases when they refuse to use them, fearing serious side effects. So who does believe and what are the real disadvantages of such drugs?
In fact, topical hormones are a powerful and effective weapon against various inflammatory processes, however, in order to achieve the desired effect, it is very important to strictly follow the established regimen of application, as well as all the recommendations of a specialist. Unfortunately, not all patients do this.
Most often, such ointments are prescribed in cases where any other treatment does not give the desired effect, as well as for long-term recurrent allergic and inflammatory diseases of the skin. Their composition, most often, includes artificially synthesized corticosteroid hormones, which are produced by our body and are involved in the suppression of various inflammatory processes.
Sometimes they are not enough: this is where ointments and cream based on hormones come to, they successfully rid themselves of such serious diseases as seborrheic, contact and atopic dermatitis, red flat lichen, psoriasis, vitiligo, skin rashes and acne, and a lot others. In many cases, they are the only possible way to get rid of these skin problems.
What are the?
Depending on the composition, all drugs based on hormones are divided into several groups of weak and strong action. It is quite logical that the higher the class and the stronger the level of the ointment, the more effective it is, and that means that it copes faster with the inflammatory reactions of the skin.
Naturally, the strengthening of the therapeutic effect is achieved mainly by increasing the concentration of the active substance, that is, the hormone. It is not difficult to guess that the stronger the effectiveness of the drug, the higher the risk of side effects.
Preparations of the last, fourth, class are able to cope with even the most severe forms of the disease, however, and apply them only in cases where drugs of all lower classes could not cope with the disease.
And here, for example, hormonal drugs of the first class (the weakest) are sometimes even prescribed during pregnancy or very small children, in cases of small inflammatory processes on the face or in the area of skin folds.
Possible side effects:
- stretch marks (red stripes resembling stretch marks);
- skin atrophy (most commonly found on the face when using ointments of the most active classes);
However, it is worth noting that the above side effects are rare, often with violations of the regimen of drug use.
Also, experts noted that skin atrophy and stretch marks appeared only in cases where potent hormonal ointments were applied to the skin in the natural folds of the body, on the face or neck. In other cases (use on other parts of the body) treatment with their help does not cause any side effects.
What to choose: ointment or cream?
First of all, it will depend on the specifics of your disease, because the effect of the use of hormonal drugs, in many respects, depends on their depth of penetration. It is believed that the most powerful are just ointments, they are followed by a cream, and only then various lotions, tonics and sprays.
Basically, ointments are prescribed in cases where the skin disease is accompanied by desquamation and dryness, but for various dermatitis and allergies on the face, most often, use a cream, spray or lotion.
When resorting to their help, we must not forget that hormonal drugs can cover no more than 30% of the skin of the whole body.
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