Where does the standard length of cigarettes come from?

The most widespread cigarettes occurred after the Crimean War of 1853-1856, where the French and the British learned how to make homemade cigarettes from Russian soldiers. In the 19th century, cigarettes spread throughout Europe and gained recognition from the wealthy public.

Handmade


The first cigarette factories appeared in 1857 in England with Robert Peacock Glaad. Cigarettes were made by hand, but the basics of standardization were developed — production on samples. Dimensions were oriented on cigars, the length was taken in inches, and the diameter, borrowed from jewelers, was measured in lines. The invention in the USA by James Bonsack at the end of 1887 of a cigarette making machine gave rise to standardization. The diameter of the cigarettes was three lines (the line is 1/10 inch or 2.54 millimeters). In length, again, a clear size was not provided.The popular brand "Camel" became the author of classic cigarettes in 1913. These were non-filter cigarettes with a length of 70 mm.

Women's cigarettes


After World War I, cigarette smoking became popular among women, and their production became widespread. Cigarettes were made without a filter, but women were uncomfortable to smoke them. The first women's cigarettes appeared in 1924 in the company Phillip Morris. They were longer than regular cigarettes, which favorably distinguished them in terms of smoking comfort and style.
In 1925, Boris Ivazh invented a paper filter as a means of helping to reduce the concentration of harmful components in tobacco smoke. The presence of the filter has changed the approach to the choice of the length of a cigarette.
Initially, filter cigarettes were positioned as women's cigarettes, but thanks to advertising, they won recognition among men.

Standardization


The task of standardizing cigarettes has become topical for scientists after the study of tobacco smoke and its composition began, since even factors such as puff volume, puff frequency, tobacco moisture content, filter availability, etc. can affect the result. In 1996, work began on the introduction of standards.
Koresta performed a series of comparative tests, which resulted in the ISO method adopted in 1991. Basic standards: King Size - length 84 mm, diameter 7-8 mm, Gueen Size –– length 100, 110, 120 mm, diameter 7–8 mm, Magnum - length 89 mm, diameter 9 mm. Since the end of the 80s of the 20th century in the CIS countries, world standards of cigarette production have been used.

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